The best way to understand pedal steel and grab some new ideas is to develop a fundamental understanding of chords and intervals. In Ex. 1 I play four chord forms and then strive to reproduce the same basic sound while bending into one of the notes. The first shape is a simple A major triad and I follow it with a bend from the 2 to the 3. Next, I play another A major triad and move the b7 to the root. The key here really is intervals: I’m always aware of where I’m starting and where I’m bending to, and I ask myself, “How does this fit around the underlying chord?”
Ex. 2 begins in 10th position and the first bend moves the B up to C#. The second measure repeats this bend, but adds a bit more flash. Once you pluck the bend on beat one, hold it while you attack the E on the 1st string (try picking with your middle finger), hit the bent note again, move down to D on the 1st string, and finally strike and release the bend.
So far this is standard Southern rock vocabulary, but at this point there’s a little twist as we slide down to the b7 on the 2nd string, then bend up with the index finger to the root while sounding the C# on the 1st string. These are all great notes to play over an A7 chord.
Ex. 3 expands on the same basic idea from the second measure of Ex. 2. We move it up the neck through some of the shapes in Ex. 1 and finally transfer it to another string set in the final measure. There’s a lot of pushing, pulling, and moving in this lick, so work through it slowly to keep those bends in tune. Also, make sure to ask yourself if each bend makes sense ... and if so, why?
We slip into Brent Mason territory with Ex. 4. It starts with a wicked double-stop lick that moves into the open position before a fiddly bend up to C#—which sounds great against the open 1st string. It’s certainly a difficult one to get up to speed. Good luck.
Ex. 5 is a Johnny Hiland-inspired double-stop idea that ends with a great (but tough) bend. We’re holding down the lower part of an A major triad while bending up to C# to complete the sound.
The opening bend in Ex. 6 should be pretty familiar by now. Simply bend up to C# and alternate that with E and D on the 2nd string. This leads right up to a sliding, double-stop lick that moves through the inversions before ending on a bend very similar to the second bend in Ex. 1.
This last lick (Ex. 7) is one I’ve been sitting on for a while. It was inspired by the legendary Ted Greene and throws some harmonics into the mix. Basically, we’re playing fairly simple three-note shapes, but the lowest note will be played as an artificial harmonic. It’s certainly not something I’m using a lot, but it’s ripe for development.
I hope you’ve enjoyed exploring steel-like sounds and they spur you to check out some more steel players. There’s really a wealth of information to be gained from this unique and under-appreciated instrument. From Speedy West to Paul Franklin and Randle Currie, they’re so much incredible music out there to be enjoyed!