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May 2014
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"We Three Kings" Arranged for Fingerstyle Guitar

"We Three Kings" Arranged for Fingerstyle Guitar
Chops: Intermediate
Theory: Beginner
Lesson Overview:
• Create melodies using natural harmonics.
• Explore the nuances of open Em7 tuning (E–G–D–G–B–E).
• Develop a jazz-waltz feel.

Click here to download PDF notation and an audio MP3 of this arrangement.
Harmonics rule in this arrangement of “We Three Kings,” played as a jazz waltz with a strong swing feel. Your groove and sense of swing are very important to this arrangement. I strongly suggest you practice it with a metronome. The first thing we want to do is tune our 5th string down a whole-step to G. This creates an Em7 (E–G–B–D) sound when all the open strings are strummed, and since this arrangement is in the key of E minor, it will give us the notes we need.

The vamp that first appears over the first four measures is played entirely with harmonics at the 7th and 12th frets. The purpose of the vamp is to set up the feel of the arrangement and to help divide the A and B sections. I play the 7th-fret harmonics with my first finger. The 12th-fret harmonics I play with my second finger. I seem to be able to get a bigger tone and less buzz by using my second finger. Use what works best for you. I’m lightly touching the strings, but not lifting my finger while I play the harmonics.

The A section is also played almost entirely with harmonics. In order to bring out the melody, play with confidence and pluck the melody notes slightly harder than the other strings. In measures 12 and 14, we combine both harmonics and fretted notes. In order to make the notes sound more uniform, you can play the natural notes on the top of the fret so that you’re slightly muting the note with your fingertip. It’s a little tricky, but fun to try. I’ve left quite a bit of space in the A section for the harmonics to ring, so you really need to internalize the groove to make it swing.

The B section has a little emotional lift—like you’ve crossed a tightrope and made it to the other side. You may need to hold back the volume a little to help match the A section. I play a hammer-on and pull-off triplet with my pinky in measures 19 and 27 that helps to push the song forward. In measure 30 (the last measure of the B section), the move up the neck is designed to get you back into position for the vamp at the end.

Bret Boyer
Based in Austin, Texas, Bret Boyer has been an active teacher and performer for more than 20 years. He has been a faculty member at several colleges and for the National Guitar Workshop. His most recent recordings include Songs for Everyone and Hidden Constellation. bretboyer.com

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