wah wah watson

Melvin “Wah Wah Watson” Ragin from the Funk Brothers performs live onstage in Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 1976.
Photo by Gijsbert Hanekroot/Redferns/Getty Images

With his rhythmic skill and creative daring, the inventive guitarist proved that the wah pedal was much more than a gimmick.

From creating animal cries for a genius like Jimi Hendrix to Tonight Show guitarists attempting hipness, the wah-wah pedal has been used and abused across a wide variety of musical genres. But no one, including Jimi, used it more expressively than Melvin “Wah Wah Watson” Ragin.

You need no further proof than the album version of “Papa Was a Rolling Stone” by the Temptations. Watson (no one called him Ragin) sets the tone during the 4-minute intro. Even before the vocal enters he has used the “whacka-whacka” of his Cry Baby to turn the rhythm around multiple times, add crackling punctuations, and create crescendos that sound like a piece of sheet metal being shaken. When the lead voice finally intones, “It was the third of September,” it is immediately answered by Watson’s fleet foot pulsating the pedal, portending the drama to come. Before the song is over, the guitarist has wrung from this simple effect an astonishing variety of rhythmic chords, tonal colorations, and single-note exclamations.

“Papa Was a Rolling Stone” was only one of a long string of soul, funk, and pop hits featuring Watson’s signature riffs, sounds, and grooves—a list that includes Marvin Gaye’s “Let’s Get It On,” “Smiling Faces Sometimes” by the Undisputed Truth, Quincy Jones’ “Body Heat,” Off the Wall by Michael Jackson, Rose Royce’s Car Wash, and hundreds of other singles and albums.

Melvin Ragin was born in Richmond, Virginia, on December 8, 1950. During his years there he was in a local group, the Montclairs, who recorded a single in the 1960s. The group’s drummer Jerome “Bigfoot” Brailey would later be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of P-Funk.

If Watson had retired after recording “Let’s Get It On” with Marvin Gaye, his reputation as the premier wah-worker of all time would already assure him a place in the history books.

Watson relocated to Detroit, where, by age 20, he made his first major record—Edwin Starr’s “Stop the War Now” with legendary Motown producer Norman Whitfield. Watson quickly became an essential part of Whitfield’s crew, contributing guitar, writing, and production ideas to sessions with the Four Tops, Martha Reeves, the Supremes, and dozens more. He also became a member of the 12-piece Motown band led by Hamilton Bohannon that provided backing for many of the label's acts on tour. It was during this time that he began to develop the wah sounds and techniques that would become his signature, and from which he derived his nickname, “Wah Wah Watson.” Artist/producer Stu Gardner, a fellow Richmond native who worked with Watson at Motown, was quoted in Richmond Magazine as saying, “He had rhythm licks that no one else could play but him.”

Watson worked with other producers at Motown, including Holland-Dozier-Holland, Frank Wilson, and Johnny Bristol, but the person who had the biggest influence on him was Whitfield, the man behind the epic Temptations tune that so prominently featured his wah mastery. When Motown moved to Los Angeles in 1973, Whitfield flew him out from Detroit to play on a session, and within a few weeks Watson was plugged into L.A.’s studio scene, never to leave.

If the guitarist had retired that year, after recording “Let’s Get It On” with Marvin Gaye, his reputation as the premier wah-worker of all time would already assure him a place in the history books. But on that Gaye session Watson met Herbie Hancock, who enlisted him to work on the soundtrack for the movie Death Wish. Thus began two decades of collaboration, during which Watson would play on, co-write and/or co-produce classic Hancock albums, including Man-Child (1975), Secrets (1976), V.S.O.P. (1977), Feets, Don’t Fail Me Now (1979), and Mr. Hands (1980). In addition to guitar, Watson often contributed bass, sampling, sequencing, synthesizer, and talk box. During this period he would release his only solo record, Elementary, in 1976.

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