Photo 1

Chops: Advanced
Theory: Intermediate
Lesson Overview:
• Improve your slide technique.
• Add hammer-ons and pull-offs to slide licks.
• Discover new ways to create angular whammy-bar effects.

Click here to download a printable PDF of this lesson's notation.

We’re jumping into uncharted territory here by exploring the intersection of swampy slide guitar and blistering shred. These two worlds might seem mutually exclusive or even incompatible. After all, when you think of slide guitar, you might imagine a wise man playing sweet, singing melodies and gritty riffs. And the term “shred” suggests a teenager diligently practicing scales and arpeggios to create video-game soundtracks and effects. Ne’re the twain shall meet, right?

Actually, there is a meeting point between these polar opposites, and it’s really interesting. Picture a slide player who isn’t intimidated by fast tempos and a shredder who can bypass frets entirely to access new sounds. That’s where we’re headed. In this lesson, we’ll see what happens when you bring a shredders mindset to the world of slide. Okay, let’s hit the woodshed.

But first, I should say this is not a lesson for a slide novice. To get the most from these examples you’ll need to possess a bit of slide knowledge. Nor will we cover any standard approaches to slide playing. For this unorthodox mashup of slide and shred, we’ll use a shorter slide (I favor a Dunlop 211) that covers your second finger down only to the middle knuckle (Photo 1). Even smaller slides are available, such as slide rings and Will Ray’s Stealth Slide, if you decide you only need to play one string at a time with the slide.

Because a shorter slide lets you bend your second finger, your other fingers are free to play around the slide notes using legato fretting techniques. Also, for the clearest tone you generally want to mute behind the slide with the first finger. Your picking hand will often mute unwanted strings, either with the side of the thumb after you pluck a string or with your middle finger. (Steel guitarists call this “blocking.”)

I should point out that although I put the slide on my second finger, that’s not written in stone. Experiment to see what works best for you. (Just remember the fingering for the fretted notes will change according to which digit holds the slide.)

Now let’s dig into it. Get that slide on your finger, grab a pick, and get ready to rip. We’re going to check out four different topics: triad arpeggios, 7th-chord arpeggios, pentatonic scales, and string skipping. These topics will give you a solid enough foundation that eventually you won’t have to think about what you’re doing. Instead, you’ll have the freedom to get nasty and funky.

Any note you play with the slide can be approached from a fret or two away. These are just meant to be a quick grace note into the target note. When there are two notes on a string, you can choose to either pluck both, or pluck once and incorporate a legato technique to sound the second note. For example, pluck a lower slide note and then hammer to the fretted note, or pluck the fretted note and pull off to the slide.

Triad Arpeggios
We’re going to start out with a cool arpeggio exercise. Ex. 1 is a three-octave G major triad (G–B–D) arpeggio. The nice thing about this shape is that it just repeats up the neck. While you can play the entire thing with your slide, by using an additional finger to alternate with the slide you will gain a new profound technique. Imagine a rock climber who, instead of just pulling his or herself up a mountain, now has grips on the side of the mountain to help. You can alternate between using the finger on the one-note-per-string instances and then use the slide to gliss between the two notes on the next string. Eventually this kind of leap will seem easy.

Click here for Ex. 1

Whenever you learn a root-position form for a scale, chord, or arpeggio, be sure to move through its various inversions across the fretboard. In Ex. 2 and Ex. 3 you can see the remaining inversions of the G major triad. Practice these types of licks slowly at first. Move them to different keys, vary the rhythm, deconstruct and explore smaller portions and phrases, and develop your own melodies.

Click here for Ex. 2

Click here for Ex. 3

Once you get the major triads under your fingers, the next step will be to work out the minor forms. Simply change each B to a Bb (down one fret) and you’re there. Ex. 4 shows the root-position shape. Play it a few times and then work through the other two inversions.

Click here for Ex. 4

This should get you started building a great vocabulary for shredding with a slide. Try using these shapes with basic major and minor 12-bar blues progressions. Experiment by mixing up the major and minor shapes. For example, using a Gm arpeggio over a G major chord will yield a bluesy sound. Try using a G major triad for the I chord in a G blues, and then play Gm arpeggios for the IV (C) and V (D) chords.